|Native:||a genus of approximately 50 species distributed in India, Himalaya, SE Asia, Indonesia, the Philippines, New Guinea, southern China and northern Australia; many Vanda orchids (especially Vanda coerulea) are endangered|
|Type:||mostly epiphytic, but sometimes lithophytic or terrestrial|
|Size:||flower ranges from 1 in. to as large as 5 in. in diameter|
|Flowering:||there are few to many flattened flowers growing on a lateral inflorescence; usually bloom every few months and the flowers last for two to three weeks|
|Colors:||blues, purples, whites, reds, oranges, and yellows; called the Rainbow Orchid|
|Flowering stem:||axillary; stems of these orchids vary considerably in size – there are miniature plants and plants with a length of several meters|
|Growth pattern:||monopodial; leaves that are highly variable according to habitat: plants possessing strap-leaves thrive in semi-shade while those with terete leaves love the sun; some species have a vine-like growth habit, and the plants can quickly become quite massive|
|Pseudobulb:||plants do not possess pseudobulbs but do possess leathery, drought resistant leaves, and some varieties have fleshy, terete leaves adapted to dry periods|
|Roots:||large root systems; epiphytic species have very large, rambling aerial root systems|
|Known for:||very highly prized in horticulture for its showy, fragrant, long lasting, and intensely colorful flowers; considered one of the five most horticulturally important orchid genera for its magnificent flowers; varieties with blue flowers|
|History:||the genus was established by Sir W. Jones in 1795 and his species is Vanda roxburghii|
Vanda coerulea is one of the few botanical orchids which can produce varieties with blue flowers (actually a very bluish purple), a property much appreciated for producing interspecific and intergeneric hybrids.
Vanda is one of the five most horticulturally important orchid genera because it has some of the most magnificent flowers to be found in the entire orchid family. Its wide color range gives it the common name Rainbow Orchid.